Categories
Commentary

Daily Brief For April 20, 2021

Market Commentary

Index futures auction lower, attempt to validate higher prices.

  • Investors weigh earnings, taxes.
  • Light calendar, earnings pick up.
  • Indices correct in time and price.

What Happened: U.S. stock index futures auctioned lower overnight as investors weighed the risks of exposure given the potential for surprise earnings results and a recent spike in virus cases, among other factors. 

What To Expect: Tuesday’s regular session (9:30 AM – 4:00 PM EST) in the S&P 500 will likely open outside of prior-range and -value, suggesting a higher-than-normal potential for directional opportunity. 

During the prior day’s regular trade, the worst-case outcome occurred, evidenced by trade below the $4,171.00 VPOC, which is significant because it marks an area where participants found it most valuable to conduct business during a prior session. Thereafter, overnight, participants discovered lower prices and solicited responsive buying at the $4,137.00 high-volume area (HVNode).

Volume Areas: A structurally sound market will build on past areas of high volume. Should the market trend for long periods of time, it will lack sound structure (identified as a low-volume area which denotes directional conviction and ought to offer support on any test).

If participants were to auction and find acceptance into areas of prior low-volume, then future discovery ought to be volatile and quick as participants look to areas of high volume for favorable entry or exit.

This price action is occurring on the heels of an outstanding rally, fueled by vaccine rollouts, supportive central banks, and improved consumer finances. In a statement, JPMorgan Chase & Co (NYSE: JPM) expressed its optimism on a sustained equity market boom. 

“We would not be cutting stocks exposure on a 6-9 months horizon, and continue to see any dips as buying opportunities,” JPMorgan analysts said. “We would not expect to see a more sustained pullback before Q4.”

Further, as stated in prior commentaries, equity markets are positioned bullish, but there exists an increased potential to correct in time and price. Should there be a drastic turn and spike in volatility, participants must be ready to accept the possibility of a violent liquidation, given poor structure left behind prior price discovery and increased put selling, among other factors

Price Discovery (One-Timeframe Or Trend): Elongation and range expansion denotes a market seeking new prices to establish value, or acceptance (i.e., more than 30-minutes of trade at a particular price level).

For today, participants can trade from the following frameworks. 

In the best case, the S&P 500 trades sideways or higher; activity above the $4,142.00 regular trade low (RTH Low) targets the $4,155.00 HVNode. Initiative trade beyond the HVNode could reach as high as $4,167.50 overnight high (ONH).

In the worst case, the S&P 500 trades lower; activity below $4,142.00 targets the $4,122.75 HVNode. Thereafter, if lower, participants can look for a repair of the poor structure sitting at the $4,113.00 low. Trading below $4,104.00 suggests a test as low as the $4,069.25 HVNode is likely.

Graphic: 65-minute profile chart of the Micro E-mini S&P 500 Futures.
Graphic: Physik Invest maps out the purchase of call and put options in the SPDR S&P 500 ETF Trust (NYSE: SPY), for April 19, 2021. Activity in the options market was primarily concentrated in short-dated tenors, in strikes as low as $403, which corresponds with $4,030 in the cash-settled S&P 500 Index (INDEX: SPX).

News And Analysis

Economy | Equity markets haven’t priced in Biden’s corporate tax hikes, yet. (BBG)

Recovery | More than half of U.S. adults vaccinated. Why are cases rising? (AB)

Trade | Why the chip shortage is so hard to overcome despite recent efforts. (WSJ)

Economy | Fannie Mae seeing a brighter outlook for housing and economy. (MND)

Economy | Fearing foreclosure crisis, watchdog cracks down on servicers. (REU)

Politics | Xi is challenging U.S. global leadership, warns against decoupling. (BBG)

Markets | Dogecoin’s surge was fueled by retail and institutional participants. (TB)

Markets | Credit Suisse halts trader’s fund on risk concerns, post-Archegos. (BBG)

Markets | China’s yuan is overvalued, and that could stoke global inflation. (BBG)

Markets | Stock shorts collapsed as no hedge fund wants head ripped off. (BBG)

What People Are Saying

Innovation And Emerging Trends

Markets | Large hidden bond market problem poses a whole new set of risks. (BBG)

FinTech | Here is how the big brokerage firms are breaking into bitcoin trading. (TB)

FinTech | Intercontinental Exchange-owned Bakkt targeting innovation, NFTs. (BZ)

Markets | The OCC has announced a reduction of its clearing fee to two cents. (TM)

Venture | Where the startup world sees money in the $2.3T infrastructure plan. (CN)

 About

Renato founded Physik Invest after going through years of self-education, strategy development, and trial-and-error. His work reporting in the finance and technology space, interviewing leaders such as John Chambers, founder, and CEO, JC2 Ventures, Kevin O’Leary, Canadian businessman and Shark Tank host, Catherine Wood, CEO and CIO, ARK Invest, among others, afforded him the perspective and know-how very few come by.

Having worked in engineering and majored in economics, Renato is very detailed and analytical. His approach to the markets isn’t built on hope or guessing. Instead, he leverages the unique dynamics of time and volatility to efficiently act on opportunity.

 Disclaimer

At this time, Physik Invest does not manage outside capital and is not licensed. In no way should the materials herein be construed as advice. Derivatives carry a substantial risk of loss. All content is for informational purposes only.

Categories
Commentary

Daily Brief For April 19, 2021

Market Commentary

Index futures are attempting to balance and validate higher prices.

  • Global pandemic recovery uneven. 
  • Investors await corporate earnings.
  • Indices to correct in time and price.

What Happened: U.S. stock index futures balanced ahead of a fresh round of corporate earnings.

What To Expect: Monday’s regular session (9:30 AM – 4:00 PM EST) will likely open inside of prior-range and -value, suggesting a limited potential for directional opportunity. 

Adding, during the prior week, the best case outcome occurred, evidenced by initiative trade that established new all-time highs in the S&P 500, Nasdaq-100, and Dow Jones Industrial Average.

Coming into this week, though equity markets are positioned bullishly, there exists an increased potential to correct in time and price. Adding, should there be a turn and spike in volatility, participants must be ready to accept the possibility of a violent liquidation, given the poor structure left behind prior price discovery and increased put selling, among other factors highlighted in Sunday’s commentary.

Price Discovery (One-Timeframe Or Trend): Elongation and range expansion denotes a market seeking new prices to establish value, or acceptance (i.e., more than 30-minutes of trade at a particular price level). 

For today, participants can trade from the following frameworks. 

In the best case, the S&P 500 trades sideways or higher; activity above the $4,161.75 regular trade low targets the $4,171.00 VPOC. Initiative trade beyond the VPOC could reach as high as the $4,183.50 regular-trade high and the cluster of Fibonacci price extensions above $4,187.00. In the worst case, the S&P 500 trades lower; activity below $4,171.00 is likely to solicit responsive buying near the $4,157.00 high-volume area (HVNode). Thereafter, if lower, $4,137.00 and $4,123.00 are other valuable areas to do business. 

Volume Areas: A structurally sound market will build on past areas of high-volume. Should the market trend for long periods of time, it will lack sound structure (identified as a low-volume area which denotes directional conviction and ought to offer support on any test). 

If participants were to auction and find acceptance into areas of prior low-volume, then future discovery ought to be volatile and quick as participants look to areas of high-volume for favorable entry or exit.

POCs: POCs (like HVNodes described above) are valuable as they denote areas where two-sided trade was most prevalent. Participants will respond to future tests of value as they offer favorable entry and exit.

Responsive Buying: Buying in response to prices below area of recent price acceptance.
Graphic: 4-hour profile chart of the Micro E-mini S&P 500 Futures.
Graphic: Physik Invest maps out the purchase of call and put options in the SPDR S&P 500 ETF Trust (NYSE: SPY), for the week ending April 16. Activity in the options market was primarily concentrated in short-dated tenors, in strikes as low as $364, which corresponds with $3,640 in the cash-settled S&P 500 Index (INDEX: SPX).

News And Analysis

Markets | Crypto stock mania tested by sliding prices, bitcoin drop. (BBG)

Markets | China opens borders to billions of dollars of gold imports. (REU)

Markets | Key takeaways from Q1 results of the investment banks. (Moody’s)

Travel | Airlines can’t get the world flying despite a big U.S. boom. (BBG)

Trade | TSMC says trade tensions may disrupt chip equipment supply. (BBG)

What People Are Saying

Innovation And Emerging Trends

Startups | Tips for those that are joining a startup for the first time. (FRR)

Space | Why flying a four-pound helicopter on Mars is a big deal. (BBG)

FinTech | U.S. banks deploy AI to monitor customers and workers. (REU)

Spirits | Whisky world at war as tech allows for instant spirit aging. (FT)

Crypto | Bank of England, HM Treasury create a CBDC taskforce. (BoE)

Technology | Clubhouse closes round of funding, raising value. (REU)

 About

Renato founded Physik Invest after going through years of self-education, strategy development, and trial-and-error. His work reporting in the finance and technology space, interviewing leaders such as John Chambers, founder, and CEO, JC2 Ventures, Kevin O’Leary, Canadian businessman and Shark Tank host, Catherine Wood, CEO and CIO, ARK Invest, among others, afforded him the perspective and know-how very few come by.

Having worked in engineering and majored in economics, Renato is very detailed and analytical. His approach to the markets isn’t built on hope or guessing. Instead, he leverages the unique dynamics of time and volatility to efficiently act on opportunity.

 Disclaimer

At this time, Physik Invest does not manage outside capital and is not licensed. In no way should the materials herein be construed as advice. Derivatives carry a substantial risk of loss. All content is for informational purposes only.

Categories
Commentary

Market Commentary For 2/1/2021

Notice: To view this week’s big picture outlook, click here.

What Happened: As investors looked to another round of earnings, amidst a popularized retail stock buying frenzy, U.S. index futures tested lower and returned violently into Friday’s regular trading range.

What Does It Mean: After signs of deleveraging, inversion of the VIX term structure, a shift into short-gamma, and a rise in purchases of downside protection with time, U.S. stock indexes are best positioned for downside discovery.

However, after the best case scenario — the S&P 500 taking back Friday’s liquidation and auctioning above the $3,727.75 high-volume area (HVNode) — was realized in overnight trade, participants can expect continued balance on supportive speculative flows and delta (e.g., committed buying as measured by volume delta).

What To Expect: Monday’s regular session (9:30 AM – 4:00 PM ET) will likely open inside of prior-balance and -range, suggesting limited directional opportunity and high volatility.

As a result, participants ought to zoom out, and look for valuable areas to transact, such as those highlighted zones in Graphic 1 which denote high-volume areas.

A structurally sound market will build on past areas of high-volume. Should the market trend for long periods of time, it will lack sound structure (identified as a low-volume area which denotes directional conviction and ought to offer support on any test). 

If participants were to auction and find acceptance into areas of prior low-volume, as they have in the week prior, then future discovery ought to be volatile and quick as participants look to areas of value for favorable entry or exit.

Graphic 1: 4-hour profile chart of the Micro E-mini S&P 500 Futures.

In the best case, the market will initiate and find acceptance (in the form of rotational trade) above the $3,767.75 high-volume node.

In the worst case, responsive sellers appear and continue the downside discovery process. Any break that finds increased involvement (i.e., supportive flows and delta) below the $3,689.50 HVNode, would favor continuation as low as the $3,611.50 and $3,556.00 HVNodes.

The second to last HVNode corresponds with the $361 SPY put concentration, which may serve as a near-term target, or bottom, for this sell-off, given last week’s activity at that strike (Graphic 2).

Graphic 2: Physik Invest maps out the purchase of call and put options in the SPDR S&P 500 ETF Trust, for the week ending January 30, 2021.

The go/no-go for upside is the $3,770.50 regular-trade high. The go/no-go for downside is $3,685.50 regular-trade low. Anything in-between portends responsive, non-directional trade.

Levels Of Interest: $3,770.50 regular-trade high, $3,767.75 HVNode, $3,685.50 regular-trade low.

Categories
Commentary

Market Commentary For 1/29/2021

Notice: To view this week’s big picture outlook, click here.

What Happened: After a slew of the earnings reports by heavily weighted index constituents, U.S. index futures further accepted lower prices.

What Does It Mean: Earlier in the week, the S&P 500 failed to drum up initiative buying after an upside break of the $3,852.50 ledge. Participants sold the break, introducing excess (which forms after an auction has traveled too far in a particular direction and portends sustained reversal) and acceptance below the $3,824.00 – $3,763.75 balance-area. This invalidated last week’s break-out to new highs.

Since then, market participants were witness to violent two-sided trade, a result of the market moving into a short-gamma environment (graphic 1); in such cases dealers hedge their derivatives exposure by buying into strength and selling into weakness. This, alongside the presence of short-term traders in U.S. equities (as evidenced by selling that transpired at yesterday’s high, since institutions tend not to transact at exact technical levels) will exacerbate volatility.

Graphic 1: SpotGamma data suggests S&P 500 has entered short-gamma environment

Adding, it’s important to bring back yesterday’s graphics that showed a proxy for buying derived from short sales (i.e., liquidity provision on the market making side) decline and a substantial change in tone in terms of speculative derivatives activity.

Since posting graphics 2 and 3, the bearish thesis is still intact. This is due to the divergent speculative flows and delta (e.g., presence of non-committed buying or selling as measured by volume delta) during Thursday’s session, as can be viewed in Graphic 4. This information means that the short-covering rally that lasted much of yesterday’s regular trade was not supported; increased capital was not committed into yesterday’s highs.

Graphic 2: Speculative derivatives activity for January 27, 2021
Graphic 3: DIX by Squeeze Metrics suggests large divergence between price and buying
Graphic 4: Divergent Delta in the SPDR S&P 500 ETF (NYSE: SPY), the largest ETF that tracks the S&P 500

What To Expect: Friday’s regular session (9:30 AM – 4:00 PM ET) will likely open inside of prior-balance and -range, suggesting limited directional opportunity.

Given today’s month-end derivatives expiry and yesterday’s acceptance inside of the $3,824.00 – $3,763.75 balance-area, the odds of substantial downside during Friday’s session is low. Instead, participants should position themselves for two-sided, responsive trade.

Still, because the market initiated out of balance, lower, responsive sellers have been emboldened. As a result, participants ought to respond to probes into value. Therefore, as long as the S&P 500 remains below the $3,794.75 high-volume node (HVNode), an area that offers favorable entry and exit, the bearish narrative remains intact.

The go/no-go for upside is the $3,823.75 regular-trade high. The go/no-go for downside is $3,721.00 overnight low. Anything in-between portends responsive, non-directional trade.

Above $3,823.75 puts in play the $3,842.00 HVNode. Below $3,721.00 , participants ought will look to respond to the $3,611.50 and $3,556.00 HVNodes, in the worst case.

Graphic 5: 4-hour profile chart of the Micro E-mini S&P 500 Futures

Levels Of Interest: $3,823.75 regular-trade high, $3,721.00 overnight low.

Categories
Commentary

Market Commentary For 1/28/2021

Notice: To view this week’s big picture outlook, click here.

What Happened: Alongside the earnings of heavily weighted index constituents and news the Fed would maintain monetary stimulus amid a slowing recovery, U.S. index futures sold heavy Wednesday, and found acceptance at lower prices during the overnight session.

What Does It Mean: During Wednesday’s regular trade in the S&P 500, market participants were unable to maintain higher prices.

This came as the market failed to drum up initiative buying after an upside break of the $3,852.50 ledge, in addition to profile structures denoting the presence of excess (which forms after an auction has traveled too far in a particular direction and portends sustained reversal). Both of the prior occurrences provided increased confidence among responsive sellers.

Additionally, participants saw a proxy for buying derived from short sales (i.e., liquidity provision on the market making side) decline and a substantial change in tone in terms of speculative derivatives activity.

Graphic 1: Speculative derivatives activity for January 27, 2021
Graphic 2: DIX by Squeeze Metrics suggests large divergence between price and buying

What To Expect: Thursday’s regular session (9:30 AM – 4:00 PM ET) will likely open inside of prior-balance and -range, suggesting limited directional opportunity.

Further, yesterday’s move through the $3,824.00 – $3,763.75 balance-area was the most negative outcome and portends further downside discovery.

Graphic 3: 15-minute chart of the Micro E-mini S&P 500 Futures show near-term damage to bullish thesis

Given that increased capital was not committed into yesterday’s lows, evidenced by a divergent delta (i.e., the difference between buying and selling pressure), participants can expect a near-term low, per graphic 4.

Graphic 4: Divergent delta in the SPDR S&P 500 ETF Trust (NYSE: SPY), the largest ETF that tracks the S&P 500

That said, because the market initiated out of balance, lower, responsive sellers have been emboldened. As a result, participants ought to respond to probes into value. Therefore, as long as the S&P 500 remains below the $3,794.75 high-volume node (HVNode), an area that offers favorable entry and exit, the bearish narrative remains intact.

The go/no-go for upside is the $3,806.50 regular-trade high. The go/no-go for downside is $3,703.25 overnight low. Anything in-between portends responsive, non-directional trade.

Above $3,806.50 puts in play the $3,842.00 HVNode. Below $3,703.25, participants ought to look to the $3,611.50 and $3,556.00 HVNodes.

Graphic 5: 4-hour profile chart of the Micro E-mini S&P 500 Futures

Levels Of Interest: $3,806.50 regular-trade high, $3,703.25 overnight low.

Categories
Commentary

Market Commentary For 1/8/2021

Notice: To view this week’s big picture outlook, click here.

What Happened: Alongside hopes for more stimulus spending to help the U.S. recover from the pandemic downturn, U.S. index futures established a new all-time high in the overnight session, before backing off into prior-range and -value.

What Does It Mean: After the resolve of a long-liquidation earlier in the week, the market is in price discovery mode, trending to establish balance, or two-sided trade.

What To Expect: Friday’s regular session (9:30 AM – 4:00 PM ET) will likely open close to prior-balance and -range, implying higher volatility at the open.

Few dynamics to note: (1) poor structure in prior sessions, as evidenced by the low-volume areas (LVNodes) in the graphic above, (2) divergence from developing value, (3) a new overnight all-time high (i.e., historically, there is a low probability that overnight all-time highs end the upside discovery process), as well as (4) unsupportive speculative flows and delta in some instances.

Given the above dynamics, the go/no-go level for upside in the S&P 500 is the $3,817.75 overnight high. The go/no-go level for downside is the low-volume node at $3,787.50, an area that denotes upside conviction. On any virgin test, the S&P 500 ought to find support at this LVNode. However, should the index break below that level, then conviction has changed.

In a failure to break either go/no-go level, the normal course of action would be responsive trade.

Noting: Since the prior day’s range is close by, any acceptance (i.e., at least one half-hour of trade) of price within prior value reduces the odds of a dynamic move.

Levels Of Interest: $3,817.75 overnight high and $3,787.50 LVNode.

Categories
Commentary

Market Commentary For 12/11/2020

What Happened: Alongside worries over the economic impact of a resurgent pandemic, U.S. index futures auctioned lower overnight.

What Does It Mean: During Thursday’s regular trading, buyers responded to lower prices, at the high-volume node near $3,667.75, a price level where the auction spent a lot of time in the past.

The session ended inside of prior balance and range denoting acceptance of the lower prices.

What To Expect: In light of yesterday’s price acceptance and the overnight gap lower, the following frameworks apply for today’s trade.

In the best case, the auction makes an attempt to repair some of the poor overnight structure. Thereafter, buyers regain conviction and initiate through the $3,642.75 balance-area boundary, ending the downtrend. This scenarios would put in play the high-volume node at $3,667.75.

In the worst case, if the S&P 500 auctions below $3,630.00, participants would look to whether the $3,592.25 balance-boundary offers a response. If not, the higher-time frame breakout is put into question.

Levels Of Interest:  $3,642.75 and $3,592.25 balance-area boundary, as well as the $3,667.75 and $3,630.00 high-volume nodes.

Bonus: The higher-time frame breakout remains intact and selling appears measured. Still, the rally is on hold; monitor for continuation.

Pictured: Daily candlestick chart of the cash S&P 500 Index