Daily Brief For January 31, 2023

Daily commentary for U.S. broad market indices.

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Graphic updated 8:00 AM ET. Sentiment Risk-Off if expected /ES open is below the prior day’s range. /ES levels are derived from the profile graphic at the bottom of this letter. Click here for the latest levels. SqueezeMetrics Dark Pool Index (DIX) and Gamma (GEX) with the latter calculated based on where the prior day’s reading falls with respect to the MAX and MIN of all occurrences available. A higher DIX is bullish. At the same time, the lower the GEX, the more (expected) volatility. Click to learn the implications of volatility, direction, and moneyness. Breadth reflects a reading of the prior day’s NYSE Advance/Decline indicator. The CBOE VIX Volatility Index (INDEX: VVIX) reflects the attractiveness of owning volatility.


Late release. Apologies!

To stay ahead of big trends likely to impact our portfolios in non-linear ways, we must not narrow our playing field. This is from a December 30, 2022 conversation between Dr. Pippa Malmgren and Michael Green of Simplify Asset Management on the “big adjustment” investors are likely to face, as well as the risks to models/frameworks and the “religious belief” in them built up over time.

To explain, the typical response to inflation, which is higher interest rates, is outdated.

“We have a supply shock” brought on by the pandemic and exacerbated by geopolitics, Malmgren said. “We don’t have enough production of physical things” such as food, as well as “oil, gas, and molecules.”

Monetary policymakers are ill-equipped to handle the inflation situation and the global conflicts we’re engaged in; the current response, to quote Credit Suisse’s (NYSE: CS) Zoltan Pozsar, of “curbing demand structurally to adjust to shortages” has put the economy on an L-shaped path (i.e., vertical drop in activity via recession, and flatline for a period of time as rates remain higher for longer to prevent a sharp rise in inflation, though the latter part is to be debated, hence the talk inflation will come roaring back once policymakers scare and pivot prematurely).

Malmgren suggests policymakers should (and eventually may) look to bring markets in balance by asking how “to get more” supply. The answer is that businesses need to be created, and this is capital-intensive; “raising interest rates precludes that from happening,” Malmgren added. Rates are a blunt tool and we “do not want to treat everything the same.”

Rather, there may be fiscally funded industrial policy, as Pozsar suggested months back, as well as “different interest rates for different things in the economy” through the use of a central bank digital currency (CBDC), Malmgren said. With a CBDC, we can have “personalized interest rates for each individual company and each individual in society … determined by … your behaviors, and views about whether your sector is going to be a winner or not.”

The “belief systems in models [are] so deeply religious, and we’ve built everything on that.” Consequently, policies that worked in the past (i.e., bailouts, at-zero interest rates, and providing endless amounts of cheap capital) will, inevitably, create sticky inflation and “spark off geopolitics,” Malmgren explained.

To fast forward, the moral of the story is that policymakers are using outdated ways to handle new problems. Therefore, the inflation story will continue, and its resolution will look nothing like it has in the past. 

Yes, though there may be a dip in inflation in the interim resulting in a pivot and relief in markets, the prospects of inflation resurfacing, potentially with vengeance, are up, and this has negative implications on traditional portfolio constructions.


As of 8:00 AM ET, Tuesday’s regular session (9:30 AM – 4:00 PM ET), in the S&P 500, is likely to open in the middle part of a negatively skewed overnight inventory, outside of the prior range, suggesting a potential for immediate directional opportunity.

The S&P 500 pivot for today is $4,011.75. 

Key levels to the upside include $4,028.75, $4,050.25, and $4,061.75.

Key levels to the downside include $3,988.25, $3,981.00, and $3,965.25.

Disclaimer: Click here to load the updated key levels via the web-based TradingView platform. New links are produced daily. Quoted levels hold weight barring an exogenous development.

Graphic: 65-minute profile chart of the Micro E-mini S&P 500 Futures.


Volume Areas: Markets will build on areas of high-volume (HVNodes). Should the market trend for a period of time, this will be identified by a low-volume area (LVNodes). The LVNodes denote directional conviction and ought to offer support on any test.

If participants auction and find acceptance in an area of a prior LVNode, then future discovery ought to be volatile and quick as participants look to the nearest HVNodes for more favorable entry or exit.

POCs: Areas where two-sided trade was most prevalent in a prior day session. Participants will respond to future tests of value as they offer favorable entry and exit.

MCPOCs: Areas where two-sided trade was most prevalent over numerous sessions. Participants will respond to future tests of value as they offer favorable entry and exit.


In short, Renato Leonard Capelj is an economics graduate working in finance and journalism.

Capelj spends most of his time as the founder of Physik Invest through which he invests and publishes daily analyses to subscribers, some of whom represent well-known institutions.

Separately, Capelj is an equity options analyst at SpotGamma and an accredited journalist interviewing global leaders in business, government, and finance.

Past works include conversations with investor Kevin O’Leary, ARK Invest’s Catherine Wood, FTX’s Sam Bankman-Fried, Lithuania’s Minister of Economy and Innovation Aušrinė Armonaitė, former Cisco chairman and CEO John Chambers, and persons at the Clinton Global Initiative.


Direct queries to or Renato Capelj#8625 on Discord.


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Do not construe this newsletter as advice. All content is for informational purposes.

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